Nuclear Power Plants in China
Changjiang
Location: Hainan
Operator: Hainan Nuclear Power Co Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 650-MW PWR
Operation: 2015-2016
Reactor supplier: CNNC
T/G supplier: Harbin
EPC: China Nuclear Power Engineering Corp Ltd, Guangdong Thermal Power Engineering Corp, China Nuclear Industry 23 Construction Co
Quick facts: In Jul 2008, NDRC approved construction of Hainan Changjiang NPP at a site near Tangxing Village in Changjia County at the southernmost end of Hainan Island. This is a 51:49 joint venture of CNNC and China Huaneng The first phase project is expected to cost Rmb 19bn and generate about 10 TWh/yr. Ultimately, two pairs of CNP-600 2-loop PWRs units are planned. First concrete was in Apr 2010. In Sep 2011, the construction contract for the conventional islands and BOP was awarded to Guangdong TPEC. Unit-1 completed fuel loading in Aug 2015 and criticality was on 11 Oct 2015. The unit was connected on 7 Nov 2015 and declared commercial on 25 Dec 2015.

Photograph courtesy of China Nuclear Industry 23rd Construction Co Ltd
Re-posted 9 Jan 2016

Daya Bay
Location: Guangdong
Operator: Daya Bay Nuclear Power Operations and Management Co Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 984 MW PWR
Operation: 1994
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: GEC
EPC: Framatome,Spie Batignolle, SEPCO
Quick facts: Daya Bay was first approved in 1981. In Jan 1985, the Guangdong Nuclear Power Joint Venture Co was established with 75% ownership by the CNNC and 25% ownership by CLP Group. Electricite de France was awarded a preliminary consulting contract followed in 1986 by the main contract awardsfor the reactor and conventional works. In Jan 1988, the nuclear island erection contract was awarded to a joint venture of Framatome and Spie Batignolles. Unit-1 was synchronized in Nov 1993 and went commercial in Febr 1994 while Unit-2 was synchronized in Febr 1994 and went commercial in May 1994. After initial problems with the control rod guide tubes were resolved, the units have run well. CLP Power is contracted to buy 70% of the annual output of the Daya Bay NPP.

Photograph courtesy of CLP Power
Posted 20 Jan 2005

Fangchenggang Phase-1
Location: Guangxi
Operator: China General Nuclear Power Group Co Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 1,080 MW PWR
Operation: 2016
Reactor supplier: CNNC
T/G supplier: Shanghai
EPC: China Nuclear Power Engineering Corp Ltd, China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Group Corp, China Nuclear Industry 23 Construction Co
Quick facts: In Dec 2008, the opening ceremony of the Fangchenggang NPP project was held in Hongsha village, Fangchenggang City. The project is jointly-invested by China General Nuclear Power (61%) and Guangxi Investment Group Co (39%). Tthe site is currently planned for four units. These are CPR-1000 units based on Ling Ao-II as the reference plant and Fangchenggang is the first NPP in western China. On 30 Jul 2010, construction on the first unit officially got underway with work on Unit-2 beginning 28 Dec 2010. Unit-1 went critical on 13 Oct 2015, finished hot commissioning on 16 Feb 2015, was synchronized on 25 Oct 2015, and was declared commercial on 1 Jan 2016.

Photograph courtesy of China Nuclear Industry 23rd Construction Co Ltd
Re-posted 9 Jan 2016

Fangjiashan
Location: Zhejiang
Operator: China National Nuclear Corp
Configuration: 2 X 1,080 MW PWR
Operation: 2014-2015
Reactor supplier: CNNC
T/G supplier: Alstom, Dongfang
EPC: CNNC, China Nuclear Power Engineering Corp
Quick facts: In Feb 2008, NDRC approved the Fangjiashan NPP with CNP-1000 reactors. The reactors are essentially an extension to the Qinshan-1 site. First concrete on Unit-1 was in Dec 2008, its cold test was finished on on 27 Sep 2013, criticality was on 21 Oct 2014, and the uit completed its reliability run on 15 Dec 2014. Construction on Unit-2 began in Jul 2009 and fuel load was on 5 Dec 2014. Fangjiashan NPP is jointly-owned by CNNC (72% ) and Zhejiang Provincial Energy Group 28%). The total cost of Units 1&2 is estimated at Rmb 26bn.

Photograph courtesy of www.ceec.net.cn
Posted 20 Dec 2014

Fuqing
Location: Fujian
Operator: China National Nuclear Corp
Configuration: 6 X 1,100 MW PWR
Operation: 2013-2016
Reactor supplier: China National Nuclear Corp
T/G supplier: Alstom, Dongfang
EPC: China Nuclear Power Engineering Corp
Quick facts: In Nov 2008, construction began at the Fuqing NPP. The site is on the coast near Qianxue Village, Sanshan Town, and is sized for six reactors. The project is jointly invested by China National Nuclear Corp (51%), China Huadian Corp (39%), and Fujian Investment & Development Co Ltd (10%). This was the first full-scope EPC contract for China Nuclear Power Engineering Co. Unit-1 went critical on 24 Jul 2014 and was synchronized on 20 Aug 2014. Unit-2 commissioned on 16 Oct 2015.

Photograph courtesy of Dongfang Turbine Co Ltd
Re-posted 30 Dec 2015

Haiyang
Location: Shandong
Operator: Shandong Nuclear Power Co Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 1,250 MW PWR
Operation: 2017
Reactor supplier: Westinghouse
T/G supplier: MHI, Harbin
EPC: Shaw, CNNC, CNEC, China Nuclear Industry Fifth Construction Co Ltd, China Nuclear Industry 24th, Jiangsu Electric Power No 3 Construction Engineering
Quick facts: In Sep 2004, the preliminary feasibility study for Haiyang was approved by the NDRC. The site is in Yuanlengjia Village and Dongjia Village of Liugezhuang Town, 22km from Haiyang City, Ground-breaking was in Aug 2008, State Council approval was received in Sep 2009, and full construction started at the end of Dec 2009. This is the second AP1000 site in China. SNPC is invested by China Power Investment (65%), Shandong International Trust Corp (10%), Yantai Electric Power Development Co., Ltd (10%), China Guodian (5%), CNNC (5%), and CHNG Energy & Transportation Holding Co (5%). Photo dates to May 2014.

Photograph courtesy of State Nulcear Power Technology Co
Re-posted 9 Oct 2016

Hongyanhe
Location: Liaoning
Operator: Liaoning Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Co
Configuration: 4 X 1,119 MW PWR
Operation: 2013-2016
Reactor supplier: China Nuclear Power Engineering Co
T/G supplier: Alstom, Dongfang
EPC: CNNC
Quick facts: Hongyanhe is in Donggang Town of Wafangdian, 104km north of Dalian City. The first phase has four CPR-1000 reactors and wasthe first NPP in northeast China. The project is a JV of China Guangdong Nuclear (45%), China Power Investment Corp (45%), and Dalian Municipal Construction Investment Co (10%). CGNPC is responsible for construction and the first 5yrs of operation. The project was approved by NDRC in Apr 2006, excavation began on 28 Jun 2006, and construction started on 18 Aug 2007. In Sep 2009, Units 3&4 received their construction license. The estimated cost of the first four units is Rmb 50bn. Unit-1 went critical on 16 Jan 2013, connected to the grid on 17 Feb 2013, and was declared commercial on 7 Jun 2013. Unit-2 went critical on 24 Oct 2013 and Unit-3 went commercial in Aug 2015. Unit-4 went commercial on 20 Sep 2016.

Photograph courtesy of Dongfang Turbine Co Ltd
Re-posted 31 Dec 2015

Ling Ao-I
Location: Guangdong
Operator: Daya Bay Nuclear Power Operations and Management Co Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 990 MW PWR
Operation: 2002-2003
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: CNNC, SEPCO
Quick facts: In 1995, agreement was reached between China and Framatome for construction of a pair of 990-MW reactors at Ling Ao on the southeast side of the Dapeng Peninsula, approximately 1km from Daya Bay and 45km from Shenzhen. Framatome took responsibility for the nuclear island, Alstom supplied the conventional equipment, and EDF provided engineering support. A consortium of French banks led by Banque Nationale de Paris financed the project using a long-term government-backed, FF 1,500mn export credit, the largest ever at that time. Up to 95% of the loan is guaranteed by Coface, the French export credit agency. The plant cost an estimated FF 1,800mn (about $3.4bn), 20% less than Daya Bay. Nuclear island installation began in Jan 1999 and the two units were completed to schedule in May 2002 and early 2003, 48 and 66 days ahead of schedule, respectively. The operator is a wholly-owned subsidiary of China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co Ltd.

Photograph courtesy of China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co Ltd
Re-posted 7 Jan 2009

Ling Ao-II
Location: Guangdong
Operator: Daya Bay Nuclear Power Operations and Management Co Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 1,080 MW PWR
Operation: 2010-2011
Reactor supplier: CNNC
T/G supplier: Alstom, Dongfang
EPC: China Nuclear Power Engineering Corp Ltd, China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Group Corp, Tianjin Electric Power Construction
Quick facts: Unit-1 was connected to the grid at 3:38p on 15 Jul 2010, the first of China's CPR-1000 reactors based on the 3-loop Framatome design and the first with the Alstom-designed Arabelle T/G set. Commercial operation was declared on 20 Sep 2010, somewhat ahead of schedule and less than 5yrs after first concrete in Dec 2005. Domestic content is estimated at 64%.

Photograph courtesy of China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co Ltd
Re-posted 2 Oct 2010

Ningde
Location: Fujian
Operator: China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co Ltd
Configuration: 4 X 1,080 MW PWR
Operation: 2013-2016
Reactor supplier: China Nuclear Power Engineering Co
T/G supplier: Alstom, Dongfang
EPC: CNNC, Tianjin Electric Power Construction, SEPCO
Quick facts: Ningde is at Baima Port in northern Fujian. Partners include CGNPC, China Datang, and Fujian Coal Industry Group. Construction on Unti-1 began on 18 Feb 2008. The block was synchronized on 28 Dec 2012 and completed its 168hr test run on 15 Apr 2013. Ningde-2 went critical on 20 Dec 2013, was synchronized on 4 Jan 2014, and went commercial on 5 May 2014. Unit-2 was synchronized in Mar 2015. First concrete for Unit-3 was on 22 Jan 2010 and the unit went commercial on 16 Jun 2015. Construction on Unit-4 got underway on 29 Sep 2010, the unit was synchronized on 29 Mar 2016, and it went commercial on 21 Jul 2016.. All four units have CPR-1000 reactors and domestic content was about 85% for Units 3&4.

Photograph courtesy of China General Nuclear Power Group Co Ltd
Re-posted 2 Apr 2016

Qinshan-I
Location: Zhejiang
Operator: China National Nuclear Corp
Configuration: 1 X 310 MW PWR
Operation: 1994
Reactor supplier: CNNC
T/G supplier: Shanghai
EPC: CNNC
Quick facts: This unit had about 95% local content and served as a reference for Chasnupp 1&2 export projects to Pakistan.

Photograph courtesy of China National Nuclear Corp
Posted 26 Aug 2004

Qinshan-II
Location: Zhejiang
Operator: Nuclear Power Qinshan Joint Venture Co Ltd
Configuration: 4 X 650 MW PWR
Operation: 2002-2012
Reactor supplier: CNNC
T/G supplier: CNNC
EPC: CNNC, Chinese Nuclear Industry 22nd Construction Co
Quick facts: Qinshan-II No 3 went commercial in Oct 2010 and Unit-4 followed on 8 Apr 2012, 60 days ahead of schedule.

Photograph courtesy of China National Nuclear Corp
Re-posted 28 Sep 2013

Qinshan-III
Location: Zhejiang
Operator: China National Nuclear Corp
Configuration: 2 X 728 MW CANDU
Operation: 2002-2003
Reactor supplier: AEC, Doosan
T/G supplier: Hitachi
EPC: Bechtel, CNNC
Quick facts: An MOU for these units was signed in Dec 1994. AECL then embarked on a lengthy series of negotiations culminating in the signing of a contract on November 1996 for two reactors based on the design of Wolsung 2&3 in South Korea. Site excavation began in Mar 1997 and the first unit went into operation in Dec 2002 followed by the second unit in Jul 2003, 117 days ahead of schedule. The total project cost was about $2.5bn.

Photograph courtesy of Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd
Posted 3 Dec 2003

Sanmen
Location: Zhejiang
Operator: Sanmen Nuclear Power Co Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 1,250 MW PWR
Operation: 2016
Reactor supplier: Westinghouse
T/G supplier: MHI, Melco
EPC: Shaw, CNNC, CNEC
Quick facts: Sanmen NPC was launched in Apr 2005 and co-invested by CNNC, Zhejiang Provincial Energy Group Co Ltd, CPI Nuclear Power Co Ltd, China Huadian Corp, and CNEC. This followed approval of construction of up to six units by NDRC on 1 Sep 2004, the site having been originally selected in 1983. The tender for Generation III nuclear units was issued immediately thereafter and the bidding documents were received in Feb 2005. Two years later, China and the USA signed an MOU regarding the construction of advanced PWR projects and Westinghouse Electric and Shaw Group were selected as the preferred bidders. Groundbreaking at Sanmen 1&2 was in Feb 2008 making then the first AP1000 reactors under construction in the world. The first pair will cost more than RMB 40bn. Excavation for the first unit was completed in Sep 2008, about 2mos ahead of schedule. First concrete was on 19 Apr 2009. Photo is from Feb 2014.

Photograph courtesy of Sanmen Nuclear Power Co Ltd
Re-posted 12 Apr 2014

Taishan
Location: Guangdong
Operator: Taishan Nuclear Power Co
Configuration: 2 X 1,750 MW EPR
Operation: 2017
Reactor supplier: Areva
T/G supplier: Alstom, Dongfang
EPC: Areva, China Nuclear Power Engineering Co, China Nuclear Power Design Co, TNPJVC
Quick facts: This is the launch EPR site in Asia and is located in Jiangmen Town, Taishan City. TNPJVC is a 70:30 JV of CGNPC and EDF. The EPC and equipment supply contract was signed on 26 Nov 2007. Civil works began in Aug 2008 and first concrete was Oct 2009 for Unit-1 and Apr 2010 for Unit-2. The schedule has been slipped several times. The Unit-1 cold functional test was completed on 27 Jan 2016.

Photograph courtesy of China General Nuclear Power Group Co Ltd
Re-posted 3 Feb 2015

 
Tianwan Phase-I
Location: Jiangsu
Operator: Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corp
Configuration: 2 X 1,065 MW PWR
Operation: 2007
Reactor supplier: Atomstroyexport
T/G supplier: LMZ, Electrosila
EPC: CNNC, China Nuclear Industry Huaxing Construction, Zarubezhatomenergostroi
Quick facts: Preparatory work at Tianwan began in Feb 1998 and the site was closed to visitors in Oct 1998. Work on the plant itself began in Oct 1999. Commissioning was delayed, in part, by issues with steam generator tubing. The plant is owned by a consortium led by CNNC (50%), and including Jiangsu International Investment Corp and Jiangsu Electric Power Co (20% each), and East China Power Co (10%). At least four more reactors are planned at the site.

Photograph courtesy of Atomstroyexport
Re-posted 12 Sep 2009

Yangjiang
Location: Guangdong
Operator: Daya Bay Nuclear Power Operations and Management Co Ltd
Configuration: 6 X 1,100 MW PWR
Operation: 2014-2017
Reactor supplier: China Nuclear Power Engineering Co
T/G supplier: Shanghai
EPC: CNNC, CGNPC, SEPCO
Quick facts: This site in Dongping Township, Yangjiang City, is planned for six units. It was the largest NPP authorized to date in China and will cost about 700bn yuan. Construction on Unit-1 began on 16 Dec 2008. By the time Units 5&6 come online in 2019 or so, local content is to reach 90%. The final two reators are of the improved CPR-1000+ design. Planned station output is 45 TWh/yr. Fuel loading for Unit-1 began in Oct 2013 and the unit was synchronized on 31 Dec 2013. Unit-2 started construction in Jun 2009 and synchronized on 11 Mar 2015. COD was 8 Jun 2015. Unit-3 went commercial on 1 Jan 2016.

Photograph courtesy of China General Nuclear Power Group Co Ltd
Re-posted 18 Jun 2015

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 09-Oct-2016

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