Hydroelectric Plants in Zambia
Operator: Itezhi-tezhi Power Co
Configuration: 2 X 60-MW Kaplan
T/G supplier: Alstom
Quick facts: This HPP was the subect of a fesibility study in early 1996. In Nov 2006, Zesco signed an MOU with Tata Africa Holdings to develop Itezhi-tezhi via a 50:50 joint venture company known as Itezhi-tezhi Power Co (ITTPC). This corporation has a 25yr concession agreement for the $245mn plant. The project completed in Mar 2016.
Photograph courtesy of www.daily-mail.co.zm
Operator: Kariba North Bank Co Ltd (K North), ZESA (K South)
Configuration: 4 X 150 MW Francis (K North), 6 X 111 MW Francis (K South)
T/G supplier: Voest, Boving, MV, Koncar
EPC: Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners, Mitchell Construction, Impresit Kariba
Quick facts: This HPP is downstream of the Victoria Falls and upstream of Cahora Bassa Dam. It was originally developed and contracted by the Federal Power Board of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Construction ran from Aug 1956 to Oct 1960. The double-curvatur dam is 128m high, 620m long and 14m wide at the crest, with a base width of 24m. It features six overflow sluices placed about 30m below the maximum water level and forms a reservoir of 185,000mn m³ on a surface area of about 500,000ha Approximately 25% of all of the water flowing into Lake Kariba is lost to evaporation. Impresit Kariba was formed by Impresit, Girola and Lodigiani. On completion of the plant, the three companies established Impregilo SpA.
Photograph courtesy of Salini Impregilo
Operator: ZESCO Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 165 MW, 4 X 150 MW Francis
T/G supplier: Kvaerner, Axel-Johnson
EPC: Sweco, Hidrotehnika-Hidroenergetika, HIB Cyprus
Quick facts: Kafue Gorge power station was planned as a follow-on project to Kariba , but progress was slowed by external events. Soon after independence in 1964, the GOZ revived the project and preliminary work began in Jul 1967. The first generating unit was commissioned in 1971 and the first, four-set phase was completed in 1973. Two more machines were added later and the plant was connected to the grid via 330kV lines to Leopards Hill Substation.
Photograph courtesy of International Finance Corp
Operator: Zesco Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 500 kW Kaplan
T/G supplier: Jinlun
EPC: Hangzhou Regiional Center for Small Hydro
Quick facts: Construction of this SHP in Muchinga began in Apr 2011 and it was opened on 5 Dec 2012 by the president of Zambia Michel Sata, the Chinese ambassador, and other dignitaries. The turnkey project was jointly developed by Zesco, the Global Environment Facility, UNIDO, Hangrzhou RESH, and Zhejiang Jinlun Electromechanic.
Photograph courtesy of Zhejiang Jinlun Electromechanic Co Ltd
Operator: Zengamina Power Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 750 kW crossflow
T/G supplier: Ossberger
Quick facts: In Jul 2007, the privately-owned Zengamina Micro Grid and SHP was commissioned in Ikelenge district, North-Western province, in the far northwest of Zambia. The scheme is owned by North West Zambia Development Trust (NWZDT) and was developed to supply power to Kalene Mission Hospital and the surrounding farms, businesses and residential areas via a 35km, 33kV network and 26km of 400V cable. The run-of-river installation on the Zambezi river has a low diversion weir, 350m power canal, a 75m penstock, and a surface powerhouse.
Photograph courtesy of Energy Regulation Board
Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data BaseUpdated 01-Feb-2017