Hydroelectric Plants in Nepal

Daraundi
Location: Gandaki Zone
Operator: Kalika Construction Pvt Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 3.45-MW
Operation: 2016
T/G supplier: Andritz
EPC: Kalika Construction Pvt Ltd
Quick facts: Daraudi is a ROR project in Gorkha district. The feasibility study was carried out by Nil Tara Pvt Ltd and a PDR was then done by Orient Consult Pvt Ltd. The revised scheme has a 1,750m HRT and will generate about 36 GWh/yr. Work began in Jul 2013. The estimated cost is NRP 850mn.

Photograph courtesy of Kalika Construction Pvt Ltd
Posted 16 Mar 2016

Devighat
Location: Bagmati Zone
Operator: Nepal Electricity Authority
Configuration: 3 X 5-MW Francis
Operation: 1984
T/G supplier: BHEL
EPC: NHPC, Larsen & Toubro
Quick facts: Devighat HPP in Nuwakot is 4.5km downstream from Trishuli HPP. It was built for Nrs 750mn with assistance from the GOI. The plant was rehabilitated at a cost of Rp 338mn from 2008-2011. Design generation is 144 GWh/yr with grid connection via a 33/11kV switchyard, a 37km, 66kV line to Chabel, and a 28km, 66kV line to Balaju.

Photograph courtesy of Nepal Electricity Authority
Posted 15 Nov 2015

Fewa Canal Drop
Location: Gandaki Zone
Operator: Nepal Electricity Authority
Configuration: 4 X 250-kW Francis
Operation: 1969
T/G supplier: ??
Quick facts: Fewa SHP is at athe end of Branch Canal at Pardi, Birauta, and Pokhara in Kaski disrict. It was built with assistance from the GOI

Photograph courtesy of Nepal Electricity Authority
Posted 18 Nov 2015

Gelun Khola
Location: Bagmati Zone
Operator: Hydro Sansar
Configuration: 2 X 1.675 MW Pelton
Operation: 2014
T/G supplier: Shaoyang Hengyuan Zijiang Hydroelectric
Quick facts: This SHP is in Sindhupalchowk Dist about 13km north of Balephi Bazaar along Araniko Highway. The intake is located in Hagam VDC and the powerhouse is in Baramchi VDC, just upstream from the confluence of Baramchi Khola with Balephi Khola. The T/G contract was signed on 28 Oct 2012. The project cost estimate is NRs 453mn.

Photograph courtesy of Hydro Sansar
Posted 26 Feb 2013

Indrawati-III
Location: Bagmati Zone
Operator: National Hydro Power Co Ltd
Configuration: 3 X 2.5-MW Francis
Operation: 2002
T/G supplier: Jiangxi
Quick facts: This ROR SHP on the Indrawati River is in Jyamire, and Langarche VDCs of Sindhupalchowk district.The project license was issued Feb 1998 and COD was on 7 Oct 2002. Production is about 50 GWh/yr. This is said to be the first SHP in Nepal to use foreign funds and Nepali funds, and to close finance with local banks.

Photograph courtesy of National Hydro Power Co Ltd
Posted 25 Jun 2016

Kali Gandaki-A
Location: Gandaki Zone
Operator: Nepal Electricity Authority
Configuration: 3 X 48 MW Francis
Operation: 2002
T/G supplier: Toshiba
EPC: Morrison-Knudsen, Impregilo
Quick facts: This plant is on the Kali Gandaki River was the the largest hydroelectric plant in Nepal at completion. The main structures of the project are a 44m concrete gravity diversion dam, a 6km headrace tunnel, and a surface powerhouse. The plant is grid-connected by two 132kV lines. The first feasibility study was completed in 1979, and was then updated in 1992 with assistance from the United Nations Development Program. ADB and JBIC each provided a loan of $160mn for the plant and the completion cost was $354.8mn.In 1997, DSD Noell was awarded the contract for 3,500t of electromechanical equipment for this plant including radial gates, stoplog panels, trashracks, bottom oulet linings, inlet slide gates, and other equipment.

Photograph courtesy of DSD Noell
Posted 29 Aug 2009

Khimti-I
Location: Janakpur Zone
Operator: Himal Power Ltd
Configuration: 5 X 12.5-MW Francis
Operation: 2000
T/G supplier: Kvaerner, ABB
EPC: Statkraft, Himal Hydro
Quick facts: This run-of-river plant is in Dolakha Dist 100km east of Kathmandu. It utilizes a drop in elevation from 1,270m to 586m in the Khimti River, a tributary of the Tama Koshi River. A low diversion dam leads water through de-sanding chambers into a headrace tunnel, then a surge chamber, then a steel-lined concrete penstock shaft. Khimti-I began commercial operation in Jul 2000 and is operated according to a fixed monthly energy contract during the wet season The plant cost $140mn and has a 20yr PPA with Nepal Electricity Authority. SN Power owns 50.4% and other owners include Bergenshalv ens Kommunale Kraftselskap AS (23%), Butwal Power Co (14.9%), and Alstom and GE Energy (5.8% each). Financing was by IFC, ADB, Eksportfinans a.s, NORAD and the Nordic Development Fund.

Photograph courtesy of SN Power
Posted 16 Jun 2010

Kukule Ganga
Location: Gandaki Zone
Operator: Nepal Electricity Authority
Configuration: 3 X 40 MW Francis
Operation: 2003
T/G supplier: Toshiba
EPC: Lahmeyer, Koei, Electrowatt, Skansa, Kajima
Quick facts: Kukule Ganga was ceremonially opened on 19 Sep 2003, the first new NEA plant in 11yrs. The plant was about 4yrs behind schedule. A 20m dam is used to collect water that is fed into a 5.7km tunnel and then through a 140m vertical penstock to a powerhouse about 200m underground. About 85% of the estimated $200mn investment was funded by OECD. The plant is grid-connected with a 27km, 132kV line.

Photograph courtesy of DSD Noell
Posted 29 Aug 2009

Mai
Location: Mechi Zone
Operator: Sanima Hydropower (P) Ltd
Configuration: 3 X 7.6-MW Francis
Operation: 2015
T/G supplier: Asia Pacific Power
EPC: Sanima, Himal
Quick facts: In Jun 2006, Sanima Hydropower Ltd completed a feasibility study for Mai HPP. The is in Danabari VDC, Ilam district. It was originally proposed as a peaking facility but was converted to a simple ROR scheme. In Nov 2010, Laxmi Bank signed a financing agreement with Sanima for the Mai project. In Jan 2012, a PPA was signed with NEA for Mai Cascade and a second PPA for Mai followed in April 2012. Mai started construction in January 2010 and Mai Cascade in July 2013. Mai has a 11m tall, 86m long concrete gravity dam, a 2,192m HRT, surge tank, 316m long surface penstocks and a semi-surface powerhouse. Mai discharges into the intake of Mai Cascade HPP. Expected production at Mai is 129 GWh/yr. The project cost was 3,098mn NPR.

Photograph courtesy of Sanima Hydropower (P) Ltd
Posted 12 Apri 2015

Mai Cascade
Location: Mechi Zone
Operator: Sanima Hydropower (P) Ltd
Configuration: 3 X 7.6-MW Francis
Operation: 2015
T/G supplier: Asia Pacific Power
EPC: Sanima, Himal
Quick facts: In 2008, Sanima created an SPV to take the project forward along with the related 7-MW Mai Cascade.

Photograph courtesy of Sanima Hydropower (P) Ltd
Posted 27 Dec 2015

Marsyangdi-I
Location: Gandaki Zone
Operator: Nepal Electricity Authority
Configuration: 3 X 26 MW Francis
Operation: 1989
T/G supplier: Voith, Siemens
EPC: Lahmeyer
Quick facts: This HPP, aka Lower Marsyangdi, is at Aanbu Khaireni VDC, Tanahu Dist. Work started in Nov 1986 and completed in Nov 1989. Design production is 463 GWh/yr. It was built by NEA for USD 222mn with assistance from IDA, KFW, KFED, SFD, and the ADB. The scheme has a 7.2km long, 6.4m diameter HRT.

Photograph courtesy of www.nepalenergyforum.com
Re-posted 29 Sep 2016

Madhya Marsyangdi
Location: Gandaki Zone
Operator: Nepal Electricity Authority
Configuration: 2 X 35 MW Francis
Operation: 2008
T/G supplier: Voith, Siemens
EPC: Lahmeyer, Dywidag-Dragados-CWE Joint Venture
Quick facts: This is a peaking, run-of-river power station jointly funded by NEA and KfW. The estimated cost was €273mn. The plant is connected to the Marsyangdi power station by a 41km, single-circuit 132kV line. Civil work started on 25 Jun 2001 but completion was delayed by security concerns, strikes, and other issues.

Photograph courtesy of Nepal Electricity Authority
Posted 22 Nov 2008

This was photo number 4,500 posted to the gallery.

Mewa Khola
Location: Mechi Zone
Operator: Spark Hydroelectric Co Ltd
Configuration: 3 X 6-MW Francis
Operation: 2017
T/G supplier: ??
Quick facts: This SHP is in Lafyang, Diktel Municipality, Khotang Dist. Work on the NPR 215mn project began at the end of 2014 and it is expected online at the end of 2016 or in early 2017. About 30% of the investmefrom local commnities and the rest was funded by private banks. The new plant shouldeast load shedding in 40 VDCs in the area. Completion was slowed by the large 2015 Nepales earthquake, flooding, and the interruption of diesel fuel shipments from India.

Photograph courtesy of www.thehimalayantimes.com
Posted 17 Sep 2016

Panauti
Location: Bagmati Zone
Operator: Nepal Electricity Authority
Configuration: 3 X 800-kW Francis
Operation: 1969
T/G supplier: ??
EPC: HPI
Quick facts: Panauti was built with Soviet assistance and is in Panauti, Kavrepalanchowk district, 35km east of Kathmandu. The plant has a 3.7km power canal.

Photograph courtesy of Nepal Electricity Authority
Posted 18 Nov 2015

Pharping
Location: Bagmati Zone
Operator: Nepal Electricity Authority
Configuration: 2 X 250-kW Pelton
Operation: 1911
T/G supplier: ??
Quick facts: Pharping is the first hydropower station in Nepal and was inaugurated by the late King Prithivi Bir Bikram Shah Dev 22 May 1911. It was erected with a grant from British Government at a cost of NRs. 713,000. The plan is in Pharping, Kathmandu district, 12km south from the city. Due to increasing water shortages, the facility is not in regular operation. A master plan has been prepared to develop the site as Live Energy Museum.

Photograph courtesy of Nepal Electricity Authority
Posted 18 Nov 2015

Sundarijal
Location: Bagmati Zone
Operator: Nepal Electricity Authority
Configuration: 2 X 320-kW Pelton
Operation: 1934
T/G supplier: EE
Quick facts: Sundarijal is 15km northeast of Kathmandu and the tailwater discharge is utilized for water supply system to Kathmandu Valley. This SHP was erected under the Colombo Plan and was the second HPP built in Nepals. Rehabilitation is underway under the Electricity Transmission Expansion and Supply Improvement Project (ETESIP) jointly funded by ADB and GON.

Photograph courtesy of Nepal Electricity Authority
Posted 18 Nov 2015

Trishuli
Location: Bagmati Zone
Operator: Nepal Electricity Authority
Configuration: 6 X 3.5-MW, 1 X 3-MW Francis
Operation: 1967-1970
T/G supplier: Litostroj, Koncar, Fuji
EPC: Ingra, CEA, WAPCOS
Quick facts: Trishuli in Nuwakot district and was developed in two phases jointly by the GOI and the GON. It was rehabilitated in 1995. It is a peaking run-of-river station with annual design generation of 163 GWh.

Photograph by and © Bishnu KC (english.ohmynews.com)
Posted 18 Nov 2015

Upper Bhote Koshi
Location: Kosi
Operator: Bhote Koshi Power Co Pvt Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 22.5 MW Francis
Operation: 2001
T/G supplier: Harbin
EPC: Harza, Hydrochina Zhongnan
Quick facts: In March 2006, Himal International Energy Pvt Ltd acquired the majority of the shares in Bhote Koshi Power from U.S.-based Panda Global Holdings. The project is located on the Bhote Koshi River in Sindhupalchok Dist close to the Tibet, China-Nepal border and 70km from Kathmandu. The Bhote Koshi River originates from glaciers and glacier lakes in Tibet and the run-of-the-river project produces electricity in accordance with the river flow.

Photograph courtesy of Upper Bhote Koshi Power
Posted 22 Nov 2008

 
Upper Madi
Location: Gandaki Zone
Operator: Madi Power Pvt Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 15-MW Francis
Operation: 2016
T/G supplier: Hangzhou Liyuan
EPC: Sinohydro No 10
Quick facts: In Dec 2012, Madi Power Pvt Ltd, an SPV formed by CWE, broke ground on the 25-MW Upper Madi HPP in Sildujure VDC, Kaski district. CTG has an 80% stake in the project with the balance held by Nepalese investors making this CTG’s first BOT hydropower project in Nepal. The total static investment is $58mn. A fatal landslide occurred at a tunnel portal in Apr 2014 and completion was slipped to late 2016, around 2yrs past the initial schedule.

Photograph courtesy of thehimalayantimes.com
Posted 11 Jan 2017

Upper Marsyangdi-A
Location: Gandaki Zone
Operator: Sinohydro-Sagarmatha Power Co (P) Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 25-MW Francis
Operation: 2016-2017
T/G supplier: Hangzhou Liyuan
EPC: Sinohydro No 14
Quick facts: In Mar 2010, SSPC was established in Nepal as a 90:10 JV of Sinohydro Corp and Sagarmatha Power Co, a subsidiary of construction firm Chitawon Construction & Engineering Co Nepal (P) Ltd. SSPC was formed to develop the NPR 12bn Upper Marsyangdi-A HPP on a BOOT basis. The site is in Bhulbhule VDC, Lamjung district, and has a diversion dam, 6.5km HRT, and powerhouse. In Dec 2010, a PPA was signed with NEA a tariff of NPR 6.95/kWh. About 317 GWh/yr will be sent to the gird via a 21km, 132kV line to the 220kV transmission corridor associated with the various Marsyangdi projects. The first unit went commercial on 26 Sep 2016. This was the first HPP in Nepal with Chinese equity investment. There were a number of work stoppages at Upper Marsyangdi-A due to the activities of local insurgents.

Photograph courtesy of www.nepalenergyforum.com
Posted 29 Sep 2016

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 11-Jan-2017

Home