Biomass Power Plants in the United Kingdom
Balcas
Location: Northern Ireland
Operator: Balcas Timber Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 2.7 MW CHP
Operation: 2005
Fuel: wood
Boiler supplier: Vyncke
T/G supplier: M&M Turbinen, Kaick
Quick facts: This CHP plant uses surplus sawdust and woodchips to generate electricity and 10 MW of heat. The electricity and heat produced will supply most site requirements saving 1mn/yr and surplus electricity is delivered to National Grid.

Photograph courtesy of Balcas Timber Ltd
Posted 16 Nov 2005

Brigg
Location: Lincolnshire
Operator: BWSC North Lincs Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 40 MW
Operation: 2016
Fuel: straw, wood
Boiler supplier: BWE
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: BWSC
Quick facts: BNLL is a JV of Burmeister & Wain Scandinavian Contractor A/S, Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners K/S, and PensionDanmark A/S. Construction started in late 2013 and the plant was handed over on 21 Jan 2016, 3mos ahead of schedule and within the £162mn budget. The brownfield site between Brigg and Scawby previously housed a sugar factory. The project includes a 7.5mi tie-line to a substation near Santon.

Photograph courtesy of BWSC
Posted 17 Aug 2016

Caledonian Mill
Location: Argyll and Bute (Scotland)
Operator: UPM Oyj
Configuration: 1 X 50 MW CHP
Operation: 2009
Fuel: wood
Boiler supplier: Metso
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Poyry
Quick facts: The Caledonian complex in Irvine opened in 1988 and is the only UK producer of high quality light-weight, glossy paper in the UK. The CHP plant opened about 10yrs later at a cost of £75mn. The new plant generates all production steam requirements and over half of site electricity requirements. The project was supported by a £10m RSA grant from Scottish Enterprise to safeguard over 300 high quality jobs. In Nov 2011, the project won an award from the UK CHPA.

Photograph courtesy of Siemens
Posted 17 Mar 2012

Girvan
Location: South Ayrshire (Scotland)
Operator: Land Energy Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 2.2 MW ORC
Operation: 2012
Fuel: wood
Boiler supplier: ??
ORC supplier: Turboden
EPC: Lagan Construction
Quick facts: This CHP plant is at a wood pellet factory in Ayrshire. It is the first UK ORC installation.

Photograph courtesy of Lagan Construction
Posted 10 Nov 2012

Glanford
Location: Lincolnshire (England)
Operator: Energy Power Resources Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 13.5 MW
Operation: 1993
Fuel: MBM, biomass
Boiler supplier: Aalborg
T/G supplier: Allen, GEC-Alstom
EPC: Aalborg
Quick facts: This was the world's second poultry litter fired power station. In May 2000, the plant was re-commissioned to burn meat and bone-meal (MBM) as a result of UK efforts to combat mad-cow disease. In Jan 2004, planning permission was extended to allow MBM from any source and any other biomass to be burned. Annual fuel burn is about 89,000t.

Photograph courtesy of Energy Power Resources
Posted 17 Dec 2006

Iggesund Biopower
Location: Cumbria (England)
Operator: Iggesund Paperboard (Workington) Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 50 MW CHP
Operation: 2014
Fuel: wood
Boiler supplier: Andritz
T/G supplier: Nuovo Pignone
EPC: AF Group, RR Projects
Quick facts: This CHP installation at the Iggesund paperboard mill was completed in Mar 2013 at a cost of £108mn. Fuel for the BFB boiler includes fresh wood, bark, and sawdust. Excess electricity is sold to the grid.

Photograph courtesy of Iggesund Paperboard (Workington) Ltd
Posted 1 Mar 2015

Markinch Mill
Location: Fife (Scotland)
Operator: RWE Innogy Cogen GmbH
Configuration: 1 X 65 MW CHP
Operation: 2014
Fuel: wood
Boiler supplier: Metso
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Aker Kvaerner
Quick facts: The Markinch biomass power plant was built to replace old coal-fired plant at the Tullis Russel Papermakers in Fife. Fuel burn for the CFB boiler is about 405,000 tpy of 90% recovered wood waste and 10% virgin wood from sustainably-managed forestlands. The plant cost about  £200mn and can supply up to 120 tph of industrial steam to the paper mill.

Photograph courtesy of RWE
Posted 3 Sep 2014

Ridham Dock
Location: Kent (England)
Operator: MVV Environment Ridham Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 24.5 MW
Operation: 2015
Fuel: wood
Boiler supplier: CNIM
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: CNIM, Clugston
Quick facts: This generating unit received final design consent on 18 Oct 2012. Site prep began in Nov 2012. It is designed to use about 172,000 tpy of waste wood to supply about 188 GWh/yr for the grid. About 30,000 tpy of fuel is sourced from Powerday's materials recycling facilities.

Photograph courtesy of Powerday
Posted 14 May 2016

Rothes Corde
Location: Fife (Scotland)
Operator: Helius Energy Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 8.8 MW CHP
Operation: 2013
Fuel: wood, distillery waste
Boiler supplier: AET
T/G supplier: Kanis
EPC: AET, Roberts
Quick facts: In Apr 2011, Helius closed finance for this CHP power plant at Glenrothers, Fife. The project company is Helius CoRDe Ltd, a joint venture with Rabo Project Equity BV, and the Combination of Rothes Distillers Ltd (CoRD). The Rothes project cost £60.5mm. opened in Apr 2013, and was handed over in Jul 2013. Fichtner was owner’s engineer. The boiler burns wood chips and by-products from nearby malt whisky distilleries.

Photograph courtesy of Aalborg Energie Technik
Posted 1 Oct 2014

Sleaford
Location: Lincolnshire (England)
Operator: Glenmont Partners
Configuration: 1 X 38 MW CHP
Operation: 2014
Fuel: straw, biomass
Boiler supplier: Burmeister and Wain Energi
T/G supplier: Skoda
EPC: BWSC
Quick facts: In Nov 2008, Eco2 Ltd secured planning permission from North Kesteven District Council for the Sleaford biomass project. In Dec 2011, Glenmont Partners acquired the project and completed development. Glenmont financed construction through a debt package provided by NIBC Bank NV, RBS, Siemens Bank GmbH, and Unicredit Bank AG. Sleaford supplies heat to local sports clubs and community facilities and went commercial in Sep 2014. Photo is from Oct 2013.

Photograph courtesy of Glenmont Partners
Posted 4 Oct 2014

Stevens Croft
Location: Dumfries and Galloway (Scotland)
Operator: E.ON UK Renewables Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 52 MW
Operation: 2007
Fuel: wood
Boiler supplier: Kvaerner
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens, Aker Kvaerner, Mott Macdonald
Quick facts: This was the UK's largest stand-alone dedicated wood-fired power plant built to date. The €130mn plant uses about 475,000 tpy of sustainable wood and 95,000 tpy of short rotation coppice. Steven's Croft created 40 direct jobs in the Lockerbie area and should create or safeguard over 300 jobs in forestry and farming as well as encourage additional investment in sawmills. Work commenced in Oct 2005 and the plant started generating electricity on 11 Nov 2007.

Photograph courtesy of E.ON UK
Posted 14 Nov 2007

Thetford
Location: Norfolk (England)
Operator: Fibrothetford Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 38.5 MW
Operation: 1998
Fuel: poultry litter
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: FW, Detroit Stoker
T/G supplier: Ansaldo
EPC: Taylor-Woodrow
Quick Facts: Thetford was the world's third poultry litter fired power station and burns over 400,000 tpy of poultry litter. At completion, the £70mn project was the largest yet built under NFFO.

Photograph courtesy of Fibrowatt Ltd
Posted 15 Mar 2001

Westfield
Location: Fife (Scotland)
Operator: Energy Power Resources Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 11.8 MW
Operation: 2000
Fuel: poultry litter
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: Austrian Energy
T/G supplier: Austrian Energy
EPC: Abengoa
Quick facts: This £18mn facility was Scotland's first modern biofuels power plant. It has a BFB boiler and burns up to 110,000 tpy of chicken litter.

Photograph by Ingo Tschanun of AE Energietechnik
Posted 21 Oct 2001

Western Wood
Location: Wales
Operator: Eco2 Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 13.8 MW
Operation: 2009
Fuel: wood
Boiler supplier: AET
T/G supplier: Mitsui
EPC: BWSC
Quick facts: On 26 Apr 2006, a turnkey contract for the construction and delivery of this power station was signed with a consortium consisting of Aalborg Energie Technik and BWSC. The site is in Margam, Port Talbot, and Western Wood is the first commercial-scale biomass power station in Wales. The installation has the following main components: a wood chip handling system, an advanced grate and low-Nox boiler system, a baghouse, the steam set, and an air-cooled condenser. Annual fuel burn is expected to be 160,000t of clean wood, much of it supplied by the Forestry Commission from managed woodland in South Wales.

Photograph courtesy of Eco2 Ltd
Posted 1 Apr 2009

Widnes Biomass
Location: Cheshire
Operator: Foresight Group LLP
Configuration: 1 X 20.2 MW CHP
Operation: 2017
Fuel: wood
Boiler supplier: Standardkessel
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: BWSC
Quick facts: In Nov 2014, this project received £110mn backing from Foresight Group and the Green Investment Bank. Stobart Group has a 16yr fuel supply contract for about 146,000 tpy of grade B and C recovered wood . The heat offtake will be used by Stobart's adjacent wood-drying facility. GCP Infrastructure Investors, Investec Bank plc, and Eksport Kredit Fonden (EKF) also made loans and Stobart and BWSC both have small equity stakes.

Photograph courtesy of Stobart Group
Posted 11 Feb 2017

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 11-Feb-2017

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